UC Berkeley Struggles & Fight for Civil Rights by African Americans Discussion

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Several groups throughout the history of the United States, such as African Americans, immigrants, women and the LGBT community, have fought for equal protection of their Civil Rights at one point or another. Describe the struggle for Civil Rights by a group of your choice and argue whether or not you feel their struggle was successful or not. Be sure to use research to support your argument and cite your sources.

(Note: If you’re looking for ideas, type “civil rights” in your favorite news website and read a current event…here are a few news sources for you to consider: NPR (Links to an external site.) (public), CNN (Links to an external site.) (liberal), FOX (Links to an external site.) (conservative), BBC (Links to an external site.) (European), Aljazeera.com (Links to an external site.) (International).

Remember: Be sure to review the orientation module for the requirements for discussions. Your response to your classmates should be just as substantial as your initial post. At least two paragraphs long, demonstrate that you’ve done the readings, cite ALL OF your sources, both in text citation and a works cited list. One or two sentence responses will not receive credit. Remember these are graded assignments, correct spelling, punctuation and grammar are taken into consideration. Please do not use color, bold, special font or headings.


Person 1 Response

As such a discussion of civil liberties of the past, they are still very much concurring this present day. Such as women’s civil rights, in which someone’s body should not be a political playground nor limited. I believe women are facing deeper injustices than the male counterpart because of representation and double standards. In pathways to achieve success, it begins with those going against the current and beating the odds where it is seen as “not a women’s place” solely because of being a woman…such as Ruth Bader Ginsburg. In the article “Does Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg Have Any Regrets? Hardly.” by NPR’s Nina Totenburg, it expressed “In the ’70s, there were many things that came together that led the court for the first time in its history to strike down gender classifications as unconstitutional, as a denial of equal protection of the laws.” With that being said, we’ve never seen each other as equals, which is still an issue today. But there is still that strive where even Ginsberg herself said that we have gone too far to go back. These are rising numbers which are proving that women’s struggle was successful. Even so, we still have to continue this fight for our further rights and treatments.

There have been vast struggles with women and they’ve created a change that made it possible for future generations to experience what they couldn’t. Such as being our own entity, voting, clothing, work rankings, and so much more. Women are more than accessories or to be seen as only made for man or to be just a mother. Another article by the NPR that tell tales of women’s achievements is ” 50 Years Of Sockin’ It To The PTA” by Elizabeth Blair, which states, “in 1968, there were no federal laws prohibiting employers from firing a woman if she was pregnant. Most women needed their husbands to co-sign to get a credit card. Between the Vietnam War and the civil rights and women’s liberation movements, there was a tremendous amount of anger in the air. “Harper Valley P.T.A.” was a catchy, country-pop song that also tapped into the anger many women felt about the double standards they faced.” Women have suffered enough and it should not be taken for granted or discouraged by other females… if we continue and reciprocate the standards we are only harming ourselves since with confidence and being different is where everything starts. To quote Jeannie Riley, “Right off, I could see that I was being considered an image, not a person.” Nonetheless, women hold so much power, all beginning with the power to maintain life. Women are meant to be whatever they want to be… as so do males. The fight is to be treated the same, nothing more nor less.

Blair, E. (2018, September 18). 50 Years Of Sockin’ It To The PTA. Retrieved from https://www.npr.org/2018/09/18/648848244/50-years-…

Totenberg, N. (2019, July 28). Does Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg Have Any Regrets? Hardly. Retrieved March 9, 2020, from https://www.npr.org/2019/07/28/745304221/does-just…

Person 2 Response

The struggle for Civil Rights of the LGBT community are battling for their civil rights in Congress, courtrooms, and in the streets. The community of the LGBT has become more acceptable to society because of well-known figures are opening up about their sexual preference in public. There are members of the LGBT community who are being featured in movies, and television shows as full participants in society and not as novelty characters.

The LGBT community still face the struggle of discrimination, hate crimes, and harassment despite the advances into the American mainstream. There are no federal laws to prevent a person from being fired by their employer or being offered a job based on their sexual orientation.

The struggle in the LGBT community for legal equality rest on several fundamental constitutional principles. “The proclamation that “all men are created equal” appears in the Declaration of Independence, and the due process clause of the Fifth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution requires that the federal government treat people equally. According to Chief Justice Earl Warren in the Supreme Court case of Bolling v. Sharpe (1954), “discrimination may be so unjustifiable as to be violative of due process” (Krutz, 154).

Additional guarantees of equality are provided by the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, ratified in 1868, which states in part that “No State shall . . . deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.” Thus, between the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments, neither state governments nor the federal government may treat people unequally unless unequal treatment is necessary to maintain important governmental interests, like public safety (Krutz, 154). Freedom of speech and association are protected under the First Amendment. This Amendment protects the right to organize and urge government to end discrimination, to recognize lesbian and gay relationships, and to adopt laws prohibiting discrimination in the private sector. It also includes the rights to form social and political organizations, to socialize in bars and restaurants, to march or protest peacefully, to produce art with gay themes and to speak out publicly about LGBT issues.

I argue their struggle was successful because as of 2015 members of the LGBT community were able to enter legal marriages. The LGBT community are now treated equally.

Openstax.org. (2020). OpenStax. [online] Available at: https://openstax.org/details/books/american-govern… [Accessed 3 Mar. 2020]

“The Rights of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender People.” American Civil Liberties Union, www.aclu.org/other/rights-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-people.

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